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Cost

This section provides equipment guidelines for a complete local-production capable public radio station with interconnection to the Public Radio Satellite System. Applicants should also refer to the List of Eligible and Ineligible Equipment.

Pricing is given for the following power levels of transmission equipment:

  • Pricing for Class A transmission system
  • Pricing for Class B and Class B1 transmission system
  • Pricing for all Class C transmission system
  • Pricing for Digital IBOC Transmission Equipment
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  • Pricing for Class A transmission system
    This system is based on the FCC docket 80-90 for a maximum ERP of 3 KW, HAAT being 328' or 100 meters maximum. The priced system includes a 3.5 KW transmitter, 350' tower and 350' of 1-5/8' Heliax transmission line, and a 2-bay circularly polarized antenna with a 5 KW maximum input power.
  • Pricing for Class B and Class B1 transmission system
    This system is based on the FCC docket 80-90 for a maximum ERP of 50 KW, HAAT being 492' or 150 meters maximum. The priced system includes a 25 KW transmitter, 500' tower and 500' of 3' Heliax transmission line, and a 4-bay circularly polarized antenna.
  • Pricing for All Class C transmission system
    This system is based on the FCC docket 80-90 for a maximum ERP of 100 KW, HAAT being the minimum for Class C of 984' or 300 meters. The priced system includes a 25 KW transmitter, 1,050' tower and 1,100' of 3' Heliax transmission line, and an 8-bay circularly polarized antenna.

  • IBOC (HD) Radio. The equipment list includes the cost of transmission equipment required for high leveland low level combining. Stations using low level combining (power levels 7 KW and below–and possiblyhigher in the future) must ensure that their existing analog transmitter is capable of the linearity needed topass the digital sidebands while maintaining the licensed analog ERP. There are other technologicalapproaches that could be considered for digital radio implementation in the future such as dual inputantennas when authorized. The final equipment selection should be determined by a comprehensiveevaluation of the accepted methods of conversion.
    Digital-upgradable transmitters. NTIA anticipates funding digital-upgradable transmitters to replace analog transmitters, if requested by applicants and justified as urgent replacement. Recipients may add HD Radio (IBOC) exciters to PTFP-funded digital-upgradable transmitters or use grant funds awarded for an analog or digital-upgradable radio transmitter towards the purchase of a transmitter with an IBOC exciter. Any additional cost of acquiring such an exciter or transmitter will be the responsibility of the grantee.

  • Pricing is also given for:

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  • Transmitter installation cost including miscellaneous materials. Standby power generator and UPS - Cost dependent upon transmitter power and air conditioning need - $10,000 to $45,000.
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Radio Transmission Systems
Radio Test Equipment
On-Air Control Room (Radio)
Production Control Room and Associated Studio (Radio)
New Control Room (Radio)
Remote Record Unit (Radio)
Satellite Receive-Only Interconnect (Radio)
Low Power FM Transmission System
Low Power FM On-Air Control Room
Radio Reading Service Control Room

The lists that follow include quantity and prices to provide basic production and transmission capability to the typical public radio station. NTIA provides these lists for your general guidance regarding quantity and pricing of broadcast equipment typically supported by the program. Applicants do not have to buy everything listed.

Pricing does NOT reflect the following:

  • Tower space. When existing tower space is available, reasonable costs for a stress study and for strengthening the tower are eligible for PTFP support. We have not provided estimated costs for these services because they vary so greatly.
  • Land, building, power installation to transmitter building meter panel output, generators, air conditioning, renovation, and other facilities expenditures that are ineligible under the PTFP.
  • Office and studio furniture (except for audio console cabinets), office machines, or other similar ineligible costs under the PTFP.
  • Educational discounts from vendors and manufacturers. All pricing is based on basic capability and is shown at retail list price. (An educational discount of at least 10% to 15% should be expected.)

Please provide information in Exhibit C about your station's special needs if your request exceeds the quantities or prices included in these lists.

Costo

PTFP regards stand-by power generators and uninterruptible power supply (UPS) units as essential equipment when justified as discussed here. PTFP supports only the minimum level of equipment required to keep a station's signal on the air. Stand-by power for STLs may be funded if their inclusion is justified in the same way as transmitters. Emergency power for origination equipment is considered in addition to transmission equipment when the applicant demonstrates that such equipment is integral to the emergency service it provides. Stand-by generators and UPS units to provide power to entire facilities are not contemplated for PTFP support.
The need for stand-by power and UPS units must be supported by documenting one or more of the following:

  1. the station is part of a state or regional system to which the public is referred by local authorities for information during an emergency, such as an evacuation from a storm; or
  2. the station is a relay point for the distribution of emergency information to get to transmitters beyond its local coverage area; or
  3. the station is the sole source of emergency information in its service area in contrast to a station that is one of many in the area broadcasting the EAS; or
  4. the station has experienced a pattern of frequent transmitter power outages accompanied by delayed restoration of power.


  5. QTY


    DESCRIPTION

    CLASS
    A

    CLASS
    B/B1

    ALL CLASS C's

    Transmitter size:
    Antenna:
    Tower and Line:

    3.5 Kw
    2 Bay
    350'

    25 Kw
    4 Bay
    500'

    25 Kw
    8 Bay
    1,050'

    1

    Digital Capable Analog Transmitter with digital processing analog exciter(Assumes High Level Combining)

    42,000
    (5 KW)

    73,000
    (30 KW)

    73,000
    (30KW)

    1

    IBOC transmitter w/IBOC exciter for High Level Combined System(Includes IBOC exciter and Exciter Auxiliary Switching Unit)

    69,000

    107,000

    107,000

    1

    IBOC Combiner for High Level (range is for 5 to 30KW)

    7,000

    9,000

    9,000

    1

    Analog transmitter for Low Level Combining

    59,000

    NA

    NA

    1

    IBOC (HD) exciter for Low Level Combining (includes Exciter AuxiliarySwitching Unit)

    32,000

    NA

    NA

    1

    HD Radio Processor

    9,000

    9,000

    9,000

    1

    IBOC licensing fees are required by manufacturer
    (Stations ineligible for CPB rate will be allowed $11,000)

    5,000

    5,000 Heavy vellum paper.

    5,000

    1

    Analog Transmitter ungradable to digital w/SCA and stereo generators,spare tube, and spare parts kit

    39,000

    72,000

    72,000

    1

    Circularly polarized antenna (no radomes or heaters)

    3,700

    14,000

    30,000

    1 lot

    Heliax transmission line and hangers

    4,200

    12,000

    25,000

    1

    Transmission tower

    60,000

    100,000

    400,000

    1

    Tower foundation cost

    15,000

    20,000

    40,000

    1

    Tower installation (including mounting antenna and line)

    25,000

    45,000

    180,000

    1

    FM Radio Processor

    9,000

    9,000

    9,000

    1

    Dummy load

    1,900

    5,090

    5,090

    1

    STL system (transmitter and receiver). Priceincludes two 6' dishes and feedline of 200' with hot standby

    42,000

    42,000

    42,000

    1

    STL tower (100' high with STL antenna, line and monitoring receive antenna installed at studio site)

    25,000

    25,000

    25,000

    1

    Transmitter remote control system

    8,000

    8,000

    8,000

    1

    6' equipment rack with side panels

    1,400

    1,400

    1,400

    1

    Frequency and modulation monitor system for stereo and SCA. SCA required for telemetry monitoring.

    10,000

    10,000

    10,000

    1

    Amplifier (audio) for off-air monitoring, including speakers (system fed frommonitoring equipment)

    869

    869

    869

    1

    EAS/CAP receiver and decoder/encoder

    4,000

    4,000

    4,000

    1

    Transmission line dehydrator

    1,500

    1,500

    1,500

    1

    Equipment shelter w/concrete pad

    19,500

    19,500

    19,500

    1 lot

    Transmitter AC power installation (assuming power at site location)

    8,000

    12,000

    12,000

    1 lot

    Transmitter ventilation

    3,500

    4,000

    4,000

    1 lot

    Transmitter installation cost including miscellaneous materials

    8,000

    13,000

    14,000

    Standby power generator and UPS - Cost dependent upon transmitter power and air conditioning need - $10,000 to $45,000


    Radio Test Equipment
    QTYDESCRIPTIONSTUDIO XMTR
    1Digital audio test set; includes laptop12,500
    1Frequency counter2,5002,500
    1Oscilloscope3,5003,500
    1Multimeter350350

    On-Air Control Room (Radio)
    QTYDESCRIPTION PRICE
    1Analog or digital audio console$26,000
    1Audio network router w/logic interface and input/output modules55,000
    2Speakers1,000
    1Monitor amplifier 500
    1Audio hard disc storage system, system cost 45,000
    2Microphones with booms1,200
    2Broadcast quality CD players2,000
    2Direct-drive turntables @ $7501,500
    2Stereo turntable preamps @ $395790
    2Turntable arms @ $120240
    2Stereo cartridges for turntables @ $50100
    1Custom cabinet for audio console and turntables6,000
    46' equipment racks @ $545, plus one set of side panels @ $2352,415
    4Jack panels/wired, with jack cords4,800
    2Headphones @ $150300
    6Distribution amplifiers @ $3502,100
    1 lotMiscellaneous wire, ground strap, and installation materials5,000
    1 lotLabor for installation of On-Air control room10,000

    Production Control Room and Associated Studio (Radio)
    QTYDESCRIPTION PRICE
    1Analog or digital audio console $36,000
    1Non-linear editing system30,000
    4Speakers2,000
    2Monitor amplifiers1,000
    2Audio limiters @ $6001,200
    6Microphones with stands2,000
    2Broadcast quality CD players2,000
    2Direct-drive turntables @ $7501,500
    2Stereo turntable preamps @ $395790
    2Turntable arms @ $120240
    2Stereo cartridges for turntables @ $50100
    1Custom cabinet for audio console and turntables6,000
    16' equipment rack with side panels1,500
    4Jack panels w/cords4,800
    2Headphones @ $150300
    1 lotMiscellaneous wire, ground strap, and installation materials5,000
    1 lotLabor for installation of production control room10,000

    News Control Room (Radio)
    QTYDESCRIPTION PRICE
    1Audio console with monitor amplifier$8,000
    2Speakers500
    1 lotFlash card recorder600
    4Microphones600
    4Microphone stands140
    2Microphones for use with portables @ $65130
    2Headphones @ $150300
    1 lotLaptop computer w/flash card reaader1,500

    NOTE: Given the limited funds available for grants, NTIA does not give a high priority to funding separate radio news control rooms. Since the CPB requires stations to have two control rooms to qualify for Community Service Grants, news control rooms are usually the third--or even the fourth--control room in a station. NTIA appreciates the importance of news programing to public radio, but feels it must look to local stations to provide any extra facilities needed for news production with their own funds. An applicant may seek an exception, however, by demonstrating that its news production requirements go beyond what is customary at most stations.


    Remote Record Unit (Radio)
    QTYDESCRIPTION PRICE
    1Flash card recorder600
    4Microphones with stands @ $5002,000
    1Audio console for portable use1,500
    1 lotConnectors, microphone cables, miscellaneous wire, cases, etc.

    1,000
    2Headphones @ $150300


    QTY

    DESCRIPTION
    UNIT
    PRICE
    1Antenna, 3.7 meter, with high-wind braces$3,500
    1Ground Rod50
    1Phase Locked Loop Low Noise Block Downconverter350
    50-400'Coaxial cable, L-Band, 75 ohms @ $0.25/ft12.50-100
    1L-Band Line Driver Amplifier (if loss exceeds 20 dB)129
    3L-Band - Jumper Cables15
    1Splitters, L Band, 4-way35
    1Basic Automation System6,750
    2Stream Decoders @ 1, 6853,370
    2Storage Receivers @1,8553,730
    8 portNetwork Switch100
    1 lotNetwork Cables24
    1 lotBuild foundation, assemble/erect antenna, trenching, conduit, cabling, ground rod, and fencing (typical cost, but highly site-dependent1,500-2,500

    Low Power FM Transmission System
    QTYDESCRIPTION PRICE
    1Low Power FM Exciter/Transmitter 10 Watts (FCC Type Accepted)4,000
    1Low Power FM Amplifer 100 Watts (FCC Type Accepted)2,000
    1 lotTransmitting antenna w/stacking harness1,200
    1 lotTransmission line (100 ft w/hangers & terminations)1,000
    1Modulation monitor3,000
    1EAS/CAP Receiver4,000
    1 Equipment shelter w/concrete pad19,500
    1 lotMiscellaneous wire, ground strap, & installation materials500
    1 lotLabor for installation of transmission system2,000
    1STL transmitter/receiver w/antennas [if needed]10,000

    Low Power FM On-Air Control Room
    QTYDESCRIPTION PRICE
    1Audio console w/monitor amplifier10,000
    1 lotHard disc system10,000
    2Speakers @ $230460
    2Microphones w/booms @ $300600
    2Broadcast quality CD players1,500
    16' equipment rack w/side panels780
    2Jack panels w/cords2,400
    2Headphones @ $150300
    2Distribution amplifiers @ $250500
    1 lotMiscellaneous wire, ground strap & installation materials2,000
    1 lotLabor for installation of control room2,500

    NOTE: The level of equipment that PTFP can support is limited to equipment that can be presumed to have at least a 10-year life. By statute (47 USC 392(g)), the Federal government retains a priority reversionary interest in all equipment in a grant for ten years after the project is closed out. A typical LPFM package that meets this requirement is listed above. LPFM stations may be able to equip control rooms and studios on their own at a lower cost than the level PTFP requires to meet the statutory requirement.


    Radio Reading Service Control Room
    QTYDESCRIPTION PRICE
    1Audio console with monitor amplifier$15,000
    2Speakers @ $230460
    1 lotHard disc system7,500
    2Microphones with booms @ $300600
    2Broadcast quality CD players2,000
    1Direct-drive turntable750
    1Stereo turntable preamp395
    1Turntable arm120
    1Stereo cartridge for turntable50
    1Custom cabinet for audio console and turntable3,000
    16' equipment rack with side panels780
    2Jack panels with cords2,400
    2Headphones @ $150300
    2Distribution amplifiers @ $250500
    1 lotMiscellaneous wire, ground strap, and installation materials2,000
    1 lotLabor for installation of reading service control room5,000

    Source: U.S. Department of Commerce
    National Telecommunications and Information Administration
    Office of Telecommunications and Information Applications

    Updated: 26 January 2011
Who doesn't love a good bargain? In this article, we have a look at some of the FM21 best release clauses you can grab. These are the best Football Manager 2021 release clause players to help boost your squad on the cheap. Finding value in the transfer market is a hard task, but there are bargains if you look below.

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Just look at those attributes! Should you buy Pellegrini you'll be getting an all-round player that could slot straight into central midfield. Valued as £19m you'd think that he'd cost a hefty amount. You'd be wrong, his release clause is only £27.5M for the clubs that have the transfer budget, this would be one of those players that would be a fantastic buy as his value will only get higher!
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Fábio Vieira - CAM - 20 - Portguese - FC Porto

Here is a very good example of the Portuguese valuations being low but have a release clause that is way above the player's valuation. However with Vieira although his release clause is much higher than his valuation you'd be getting a player that has comfortable room for additional development. He is only 20-years-old and could quite easily slot in as either a starter or a rotation player for many top tier teams. His release clause is £ 27.5m which for a player of this quality could be a bargain with the potential resale value.
Gerónimo Rulli - GK - 28 - Argentinian - Villarreal CF

Goalkeepers are hard to come by, even in real life. If you are looking for a Goalkeeper with great experience then look no further than Rulli from Villarreal. He will cost you £31m but you'd be getting a Goalkeeper that has the best years of his career left.
Diego Lainez - LW - 20 - Mexican - Real Betis

Another youngster, coming from Mexico it is only natural that his technique attribute is high. If you're needing a youngster that can play on both wings then Lainez could be the player for you. He has got plenty of room for further development. His release clause is £20m but for that money, you'd be getting a player that with the right training could be a key player for many clubs.
Nicolás González Iglesias - CM - 18 - Spanish - FC Barcelona

A release bargain list would not be possible without including someone from one of the best academies in world football. FC Barcelona has an abundance of talent coming through and Nicolas (shortened to Nico in-game) fits that model. Only 18-years-old he looks to have a bright future, he possesses all the attributes of a player comfortable in a tiki-taka style of play - passing, first touch, vision, decision making, technique. Considered a wonderkid on the game, he will only cost you £5.5m!
Nehuén Pérez - CB - 20 - Argentinian - Atlético Madrid (on loan at Granada)

You'll have to wait to sign this player but it would be well worth the wait. Currently on loan at Granada Perez is a top-quality CB that has room for development. He will cost you £37.5m when his loan expires but for that money you'd be getting someone that could easily be a starting CB.
What to find out about more release clause bargains? Go and watch the following video from our very own JamieKingFM

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