The World’s Safest Battery Container

UNISEG’s Battery Transport & Storage (BTS) Container was specifically designed for the safe, environmentally sustainable and efficient storage and transportation of used car batteries and other lead acid batteries. The BTS Container eliminates many of the short comings of the current methods used to store and transport lead acid batteries and was shortlisted in April 2018 for the Battery Council International’s Innovation Award.

There are numerous plastic containers available for the storage and transport of used lead acid batteries, so why do we claim the BTS Container to be the world’s safest container?

  1. The BTS Container includes a unique front loading feature for the ergonomically safe loading of batteries.
  2. At 95kg the BTS has been manufactured to deliver the most rugged, toughest container available for the safe transport of batteries. Features include;
  3. The BTS is manufactured using rota moulded Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE), which is incredibly long lasting and durable. As well as being UV Resistant & Acid Proof, LDPE is less prone to shattering compared to plastic injected containers. With normal use we anticipate the BTS Containers lasting 10 – 15 years and possibly longer.
  4. The 4 hinges that join each panel are made from 8mm 304 Stainless Steel Rods.
  5. The 6 stainless steel, self closing over-centre latches, for securing the containers, use a proprietary and patented self closing latch – the Snap-Flat latch. Each Snap-Flat latch has a breaking strain in excess of 1 Tonne.

The safety features and environmental benefits of the BTS Container has seen many mining companies such as BHP & Rio Tinto adopt the container for the storage and offsite transport of used lead acid batteries from their mine sites.

As A Lead Acid Battery Storage Container

Car batteries and batteries for other motorized vehicles, store energy produced by the alternator to allow the car to start when the key is turned in the ignition. A car battery is also responsible for providing power to many electrical accessories in the vehicle, such as headlights, tail lights, interior lights, radios and infotainment systems. Make sure your car starts and runs efficiently with the best car batteries from OPTIMA, and DieHard. Visit our stores to get free car battery testing and installation for most makes and models. We also provide car battery recycling. OPTIMA car batteries are fully sealed, and can be shipped right to your door.

The figure below shows UNISEG’s BTS Container in the front load configuration and its features that make it ideal as a used car battery storage container and lead acid battery container;


As pictured below, close the container, to prevent it filling with rainwater when stored outdoors.

The lockable over-center latches can secure the used car batteries against theft.

As A Lead Acid Battery Transport Container

The figure below shows UNISEG’s Battery Transport & Storage Container, closed and ready for the immediate, safe & secure transport of your used car batteries and other lead acid batteries.

For efficient reverse logistics, the BTS Container can be collapsed and stacked up to 4 units high.

BTS Container Configurations

Benefit’s Of UNISEG’s Battery Transport & Storage Container

The major benefits of the BTS Container for the storage and transportation of used lead acid batteries (ULAB), include;

1. Eliminates Double and Manual Handling of Used Batteries

The BTS Container is designed for used lead acid batteries to be collected from the “coal face”, the Used Battery Generators, and be delivered directly to the Battery Recycling Facilities, where the used batteries can be automatically unloaded. From the point of storage to the battery recycler, there is no manual handling of batteries required .

2. Safe, Convenient & Environmentally Sustainable Used Battery Storage

The Battery Container’s front load configuration enables the ergonomic loading of heavy car batteries into the Battery Container. The 25 litre bunded base captures and prevents acid leaks into the environment and the weather resistant design enables batteries to be stored outdoor. The BTS Container also provides a convenient & clearly identified location for used lead acid battery storage.

3. Safe, Convenient & Environmentally Sustainable Used Battery Transportation

The BTS is better suited for transporting used lead acid batteries than the commonly used wood pallet. Its bunded base ensures any acid leaks are contained during transport. When secured by the 6 stainless steel over center latches, it is incredibly strong and the load of heavy batteries very secure. When full the Battery Container can be closed and ready for transport in less than 30 seconds.

4. Regulation Compliance & Chain of Responsibility

Used lead acid batteries are a Controlled Hazardous Waste and a designated Dangerous Good and as such must be stored, handled, transported and recycled in accordance with Environmental, Dangerous Goods and Workplace Health and Safety regulations.
The Battery Transport & Storage Container, helps companies comply with the various regulations governing the storage and transportation of lead acid batteries. And thereby meet their “duty of care” and “chain of responsibility” requirements.

The UN Sub-Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods approved in June 2018 new lead acid battery transport regulations, with these changes expected to be adopted in most countries’ dangerous goods regulations.

UNISEG’s BTS Container is now also available for hire in Australia. Further details can be found here.

BTS Container Specifications

  • For further details regarding the signage options for the BTS Container, go to Signage & Branding Options.
  • The standard Container is all black. For further details regarding alternative colour options for the BTS Container see Signage & Branding Options.

Developing a Battery Collection Service Using the BTS Container

Customers wanting to deliver used batteries directly to a Battery Reprocessor using the Battery Transport & Storage Container, will need to operate a closed loop container system (see figure below). This is a fundamental and significant difference compared to using wood pallets, which are usually delivered one way.

The closed loop container system requires that the Battery Containers, after being emptied at the reprocessing plants (and washed clean of any acid and dirt by the plant), are collapsed and returned to the Battery Collector / Scrap Metal Company (SMD) for re-deployment with their customers (used battery generators).


Operating a Closed Loop Battery Recycling System

The basic steps to operating the battery container pooling system, are:

  1. The Battery Containers are initially deployed at customer sites (used battery generators), by the Battery Collector / SMD.
  2. When full the Battery Collector will deliver an empty exchange BTS Container simultaneously picking up the full Container. The full BTS Containers are consolidated by the Collector before being shipped, in quantities of 20, to the Battery Reprocessor.
  3. The Battery Processing Plant will then decant (using automatic unloading feature) and wash the Container before stockpiling the empty units ready for return.
  4. When there are sufficient empty BTS Containers at the Battery Processing Plant, the Battery Collector will arrange for their collection.
  5. The BTS Containers are redeployed at the Battery Collector’s customer sites.

To operate a closed loop system, generally requires a reasonable quantity of Battery Containers, to minimise the transportation costs. A shipment of 20 full BTS Containers and return shipment of 20 empty, collapsed Containers, is recommended. For smaller quantities it might be better to deliver the Battery Container to a local Battery Collector who can unload the batteries and pack them onto a wood pallet, for delivery to the Reprocessor.

Economics of a Closed Loop System

An independent costing by Kevin Jones, Director of Fleetrak Consulting (formerly the International Business Development Manager for Chep Pallecon Solutions APAC), demonstrated that despite the additional costs of washing and returning the BTS Containers within Australia, that on average there is a saving of $21 per tonne of batteries transported using the BTS Container versus wood pallets. The savings are due to the time and materials involved in preparing the batteries for transport on wood pallets and the efficiency gains of automatic unloading from the BTS Container. Fleetrak’s costing can be provided upon request.

‘Proof of Concept’ Used Car Battery / Lead Acid Battery Collection System

UNISEG Product’s established Battery Rescuewww.batteryrescue.com.au, to demonstrate the benefits and viability of a lead acid battery collection service, using the BTS Container. Battery Rescue has deployed in excess of 150 BTS containers with over 60 customers, including automotive workshops, transport companies, government waste facilities, marine & aircraft facilities, equipment hire and mining companies. Batteries collected mainly include car batteries and other automotive application but also include lead acid batteries used for solar, UPS and other industrial applications.

White Paper – Creating A Safer, Environmentally Sustainable Lead Acid Battery Recycling Industry

Australian Regulations for Lead Acid Batteries

Lead acid batteries are classified as a dangerous good and used or waste lead acid batteries are also classified as a hazardous waste. As a result their storage and transportation is controlled by several different regulations.

You can find here, a summary of the Australian storage and transport regulations for lead acid batteries.

The BTS Container was purposely designed to help companies achieve regulation compliance.

Why Wood Pallets Shouldn’t Be Used For Transporting Lead Acid Batteries?

The default device for transporting used lead acid batteries (ULAB) in most countries throughout the world, is the wood pallet. It is popular due to its low cost, widespread availability and the convenience of being able to transport one way. The wood pallet however has a number of significant drawbacks for transporting ULABs, including;

  1. Acid leaks during storage and transportation are not contained posing threats to human health and the environment. The sulfuric acid electrolyte in wet lead acid batteries, such as most car batteries, contains high levels of toxic lead and other heavy metals. Lead has been identified by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as one of the 10 chemicals of major public health concern. WHO currently suggest there are no known levels of lead exposure that are considered safe. The acidic electrolyte can also result in burn injuries, damage to property and the environment.
  2. Poor, non-compliant packaging and load restraint due to;
    1. Variations in the worker’s attitude and training.
    2. Packaging of batteries on pallets is time consuming, difficult and unsafe.
    3. Required materials & tools not available (good quality wood pallets, plastic wrap, strapping tool, 30mm card separators).
    4. Use of cheap, poor quality wood pallets (due to availability and cost saving).
    5. Batteries of many different sizes are difficult to stack securely on pallets.
  3. Disposal as waste of packaging materials, including cardboard separators, plastic wrapping, strapping and wood pallets damaged or contaminated with battery acid.

BTS Container How to Videos

How to Erect the BTS Container

This video demonstrates how to erect the BTS Container into the front load configuration, ready for the ergonomic loading of heavy used batteries.

Loading Batteries Into the BTS Container

This video shows how to safely load heavy used car batteries and other lead acid batteries into the Battery Transport & Storage (BTS) Container. Regular sized Car Batteries can be stacked up to 4 layers high, in the BTS Container.

If a used battery contains sufficient residual charge, there is a risk of a short circuit that can result in a fire. The conditions for a short circuit can be created if a conductive material forms a connection between a battery’s positive & negative terminal. For this reason our container’s signage warns against placing metal object in the container. There are however some batteries, such a UPS battery packs that come in a steel housing and other steel cased batteries. This video demonstrates how these batteries should be stacked in the BTS Container in order to eliminate any possible short circuit and fire

Outdoor Storage of Used Lead Acid Batteries

If your UNISEG Battery Transport & Storage Container is installed outdoors we recommend that you keep the Container closed to prevent the 25 litre bunded base filling with water when it rains. This video demonstrates how to safely open and close the Battery Container. When assembled in the A Frame position it is important the latches secure the front panel to the Container.This prevents any injuries from the panel being blown over by a strong wind gust.

Closing & Preparing the BTS Container for Transport

Demonstrates how to close and secure the BTS Container, ready for transport. Also includes transport documentation options when shipping the container using a third party transport provider.

Cleaning The BTS Container

Used Car Batteries

If you are using the BTS Container for storing & transporting used wet, lead acid batteries, it is inevitable you will accumulate acid / electrolyte in the base. We recommend using Soda Ash to neutralise any acid. The video below demonstrates cleaning the container using a high pressure water gun, Apologies in advance for the quality of the video. The video is supplied courtesy of our sister company Battery Rescue.

Whats my ip. UNISEG’s BTS Container is now also available for hire in Australia. Further details can be found here.

A Japanese-market Toyota Crown S170 in the United Kingdom. The model has never seen an official release in the country and was registered in May 2019

Japanese used vehicle exporting is a grey marketinternational trade involving the export of used cars and other vehicles from Japan to other markets around the world since the 1980s.

Despite the high cost of transport, the sale of used cars and other vehicles to other countries is still profitable due to the relatively low cost and good condition of the vehicles being purchased. Contributing factors to the feasibility of such export include Japan's strict motor-vehicle inspections and high depreciation which make such vehicles worth very little in Japan after six years, and strict environmental-protection regulations that make vehicle disposal very expensive in Japan. Japan has very stringent vehicle emission test standards.[1]

Nearly 1.4 million used vehicles were exported from Japan in 2006.[citation needed] The most popular destinations for used cars from Japan areAustralia, Bangladesh, Barbados,Bolivia, Brunei, Canada, Congo, Dominican Republic, Eswatini, Georgia, Guyana, Hong Kong,Jamaica,Kazakhstan, Kenya,Lesotho, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Zealand, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Ireland, Russia, Sri Lanka,


Trinidad and Tobago,Uganda,United Kingdom, Zambia,and Zimbabwe. Additionally, Chile, South Africa, Singapore and the United Arab Emirates are used as popular transit hubs.[citation needed]


Supply of used cars[edit]

In Japan, used cars are mainly sold at auto auctions by car owners and dealers. At auto auctions, owners are hidden from bidders while the auctioneers provide independent car evaluations called inspection sheets.[2] Exporters, acting as bidding agents for importers, use the auto auctions as their main supply.[citation needed] There are over 200 auto auction groups operating throughout Japan including JAA, JU Group, TAA, USS, and ZIP.[3]

Besides auto auctions, Japanese exports have access to vehicles from dealerships and private sellers.

Exporting methods[edit]

Vehicles which will be exported from Japan must be prepared before shipping. This includes de-registering the vehicle with the government, getting an export certificate, and cleaning the car to remove biosecurity risks. Car cleaning is especially necessary for the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS)[4] and New Zealand's Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI)[5] agencies' clearances.

Exporters can ship the car that is ready by ro-ro or container according to customer specification, ship schedules, and the capabilities of the destination port.

Market differences[edit]

The suitability of Japan's domestically sold cars for export to other countries is constrained by various factors. Vehicles in Japan have right-hand drive—the steering wheel is on the right side of the vehicle—in accord with Japan's left-hand traffic. Some countries with right-hand traffic permit right-hand drive vehicles, though right-traffic headlamps are generally unavailable for models exclusive to Japan.[6] Some countries with right traffic do not allow right-hand drive cars, but in some such markets the extensive labor required to convert a car to left-hand drive is economically feasible; such conversions are sometimes done by the local importers. The Philippines is an example of a market where such conversion is common, until recently, when the importation of such used vehicles (except for heavy vehicles) was banned by E0 156.[7] Japan's automobile safety regulations also differ substantially from the ECE Regulations used throughout most of the world and the North American regulations that apply in the United States and Canada.[8] Vehicle components such as windows and windshields, seat belts, lamps and reflectors, and mirrors, as well as design features for crashworthiness such as bumpers, fuel tanks, and structural rigidity of vehicles meant for the Japanese market may not comply with non-Japanese standards.[9][10][11] They often lack structural reinforcements needed to meet side-impact crashworthiness standards in effect outside Japan.[10] Moreover, entire categories of vehicle, such as Kei cars, do not exist in regulations outside Japan.[12][13]


Generally, most exporters are responsible for the organization and completion of the vehicle's transportation until it arrives at the importer's Port of Destination (POD). At the POD, possession of the vehicle, and the responsibility of possession, is laid on the importer. Financial responsibility, on the other hand, is transferred when ownership is handed over. Ownership is switched after the car has been purchased and before being exported. In the case of damage or losses occurring during shipping, the buyer bears all financial loss.


Car export companies verification[edit]

Whilst the majority of websites in Japan are of genuine business companies, there are [1] scams and fraud in Japan. Foreign importers must verify each company, and transfer money only when transactions are satisfactorily completed. Verification of Japanese companies under the Japan Company Trust Organization can be helpful.

To specific countries[edit]


Nissan Cefiro, imported from Japan and registered in Alberta

Any vehicle more than 15 years old may be imported into Canada without regard to its compliance with Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. Vehicles are registered at the provincial level in Canada, and increasingly stringent sub-national vehicle safety requirements make it difficult to register a Japanese-market vehicle without replacement or modifications to the headlamps and other lights and reflectors, window glass, tires, seatbelts and other equipment.


A Toyota Corolla II switched to LHD and registered in Chile

In Chile, second hand imported vehicles may only be registered in the extreme regions of Arica and Parinacota, Tarapacá, Aisén and Magallanes. Japanese used vehicles must meet emission standards and be converted to left hand drive. However, a big market of non converted cars exists in the duty-free zone of Iquique, where customers from other countries buy them and sometimes drive them home.


In Greece, second hand vehicles are allowed but they cannot be older than three years old (ambulance or fire engine vehicles cannot be older than six years old), have to meet emission standards and be left hand drive. Right hand drive vehicles and tourist vehicles older than six years old that enter Greece from neighboring countries are usually towed to borders where they are allowed.

Hong Kong[edit]

2002 Toyota bB, Japan Domestic version, exported and registered in Hong Kong.

Many used cars from Japan are registered in Hong Kong, including both Japanese makes and even European makes, since both Hong Kong and Japan are right hand drive. In order to register the car in Hong Kong, the car must be less than seven years old, gasoline powered, meet Euro V emission, and noise standard, with E-mark for all glass and safety belts, and unleaded-fuel restrictor installed (if not already present). For cars over 20 years old, they can be imported as classic cars and need not meet Euro V emission standard. In addition, Hong Kong does not accept privacy windows. If a Japanese used car is fitted with privacy windows, it must be converted to clear glass in order to register in Hong Kong.


Toyota WiLL in Dublin

Ireland has relatively loose vehicle importing laws for Japanese cars. To keep imports down, Irish Revenue Commissioners require all new and imported cars to pay the VRT. Also, every car, both domestic and imported over four years old must pass the stringent National Car Test (NCT) in order to be given a road worthiness certificate. In the case of cars imported from Japan, all glass, tyres, noise, must meet EU approved levels. Imported Japanese used cars are easily recognisable as their rear Irish number plates are square in form and not the rectangular regular issued plates. This is because cars for the Japanese market have square recesses in the rear to accommodate Japanese plates.


In Kenya, second-hand imported Japanese vehicles must undergo a worthiness inspection conducted by the Quality Inspection Services Japan as per mandate from the Kenya Bureau of Standards. The inspection aims to ensure that the vehicles are not more than eight years old, have genuine mileage and that the vehicles pass a safety and mechanical inspection as per the standards set by KEBS. Guide to Kenya Car Import Regulations


Honda Beat in Macau

Although Macau is right hand drive, it does not allow imports of used car from Japan or any other country,[citation needed] unlike Hong Kong. However, brand new parallel imported cars from Japan are allowed in Macau.


Toyota ist, registered in Malta

In Malta, second-hand imported Japanese vehicles must comply with Road Worthiness regulations which address Emissions, Lights Operability & Mechanical Operability. Vehicles thus in compliance can be imported and registered. Some Maltese importers apply corrosion protection to these vehicles due to the hot, humid climate.


In Mozambique, most of the cars in the roads are imported from Japan, where Toyota takes the lead in terms of brand. All cars to be imported to Mozambique must undergo a pre-inspection process in Japan performed by Intertek. The inspection will determinate the condition of the car to be imported and the right value of the car for custom clearance proposes. In Mozambique the custom clearance amount will depend on the type of car, engine size, number of seats and propose of use, and can cost up to 84% of the CIF of the Vehicle. Added to the custom clearance the importer will pay up 650 USD of port fees.

Used car batteries in the ocean

New Zealand[edit]

Nissan March Bolero, imported to New Zealand

New Zealand has stringent safety and emission standards. Besides biosecurity and customs clearances, a vehicle must be Entry Certified by a Transport Services Delivery Agent (TSDA) which includes checking that paper data and physical data meet safety, emissions, and fuel consumption standards.[14]


Pakistan applies strict controls on imports. Imported cars must be not more than three years old. High import taxes are levied on imported vehicles.[15] Special ships are sometimes used for exporting vehicles to Pakistan to meet the rising demand.[16]

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Right hand drive Toyota Sprinter in Seversk

While Russia has right hand traffic, it allows the importation of LHT vehicles if they pass the technical inspection. This is compulsory for all street-legal vehicles in Russia. Although a prohibitively high import tariff is levied on cars more than seven years old, to protect local industry, the oldest Japanese vehicles usually pass the inspection, if they were well maintained. Vehicles imported to Russia are sometimes exported to North Korea and Central Asia.

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Unlike the UAE, Saudi Arabia does not allow imports of vehicles from Japan or any LHT country because only left hand drive vehicles are allowed. Additionally, right hand drive to left hand drive modifications as well as vehicles from Israel are not allowed due to the laws against Israeli goods.

United Arab Emirates[edit]

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Some vehicles like the Toyota Fortuner, Toyota Hiace, and the Nissan Skyline R34 have been imported to the UAE and are sometimes converted to left hand drive. Right hand drive vehicles are legal and sometimes remain RHD for transit or sporting purposes.

United Kingdom[edit]

Toyota Comfort, import and registered in the UK

Importing rules for the UK are stringent. Vehicles less than 10 years old must undergo Individual Vehicle Approval to assure compliance with applicable ECE Regulations or British national equivalents. The speedometer must be converted from kilometres per hour to miles per hour, a rear fog light and unleaded-fuel restrictor installed.

Vehicles older than 10 years need only to fit a rear fog light and pass a MOT before applying for V55/5 (First vehicle tax and registration of a used motor vehicle).

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United States[edit]

Nissan GT-R R34 in Connecticut

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Vehicles at least 25 years old may be imported to the US regardless of non-compliance with that country's Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.[17] Vehicles are registered at the state level in the US, and increasingly stringent sub-national vehicle safety requirements make it difficult to register a Japanese-market vehicle without replacement or modifications to the headlamps and other lights and reflectors, window glass, tires, seat belts and other equipment.

In 21 states, kei trucks less than 25 years old can be legally imported and registered as off-road utility vehicles with on-road usage and top speed restrictions varying by state, although states which allow mini trucks to be operated on public roads prohibit their operation on Interstate highways.[18]

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  1. ^'Opening Statement by Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi at the Press Conference on the Passage of the FY2003 Budget'. 2003-03-28. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
  2. ^'Japanese Used Car Exporting - Inspection Sheets'. Japan-used-car-exporting.info. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
  3. ^'Japanese Used Car Exporting - Auto Auctions in Japan'. Japan-used-car-exporting.info. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
  4. ^'Importing Motor Vehicles'. DAFF. 2010-10-11. Archived from the original on 2011-03-31. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
  5. ^Other Imports MPI Biosecurity New ZealandArchived December 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^Considerations for Approval of Lighting Equipment on Vehicles Imported to Canada, Daniel Stern Lighting Consultancy, 2006, pp. 6-7
  7. ^'LTO, Customs to strictly enforce EO 156 ban on 'surplus cars''. Top Gear Philippines. 15 February 2013.
  8. ^Perspective on Proposed Changes to Vehicle Import Regulations in Canada
  9. ^'Stop the 25-year rule'. Archived from the original on 2011-11-18. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
  10. ^ ab15yo ADR-ing — Part 1
  11. ^15yo ADR-ing — Part 2
  12. ^63 FR 33913 U.S. Department of Transportation Final Rule
  13. ^Can America Find True Happiness in a Microcar?
  14. ^'A guide to car Import regulations around the world - A-ret Cars Japan'. ARET cars Japan. Retrieved 2019-06-28.
  15. ^Import of Vehicles, High Commission for Pakistan
  16. ^'Leading News Resource of Pakistan'. Daily Times. 2005-08-07. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
  17. ^'Importation and Certification FAQ's Directory--All Vehicles'. one.nhtsa.gov. Retrieved 2019-06-28.
  18. ^O'Neill, Chris. 'Japanese Kei Trucks Are Weird, Tiny..and Legal in the United States'. Auto Trader. Retrieved 5 May 2019.

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